Historic Maps of Ropley and the surrounding area
This post contains links to a selection of local maps through the ages either available from this website or provided as links to external resources.
1. Old Hampshire maps website contains various maps of Hampshire including Ropley and the surrounding area dating from 1575. Early 1 inch maps from the 1700s are also available here.
2. Various old estate maps from sale of land documents for example the document including a map from 1934 covering the sale of Town Street and Gilbert Street farms
3. Enclosure maps
Although Ropley was the first parish to have its commons enclosed by act of parliament for which a map was often commisioned there is no surviving map and likely never was. There are a limited number of enclosure maps from the area, which visualise the enclosing of land that took place from 1703 to the 1800s.
Farringdon and East Tisted both have maps from the 1740s available on our archive, although in the case of East Tisted it was not made for the purpose of enclosure. Neither maps include parts of Ropley but are nevertheless important for the local history and research, and in the case of Farringdon the majority of the area shown on the map is now part of modern day Four Marks.
4. An 18th Century Old Map of Hampshire (1724), by the German cartographer Herman Moll
5. G & J Cary’s New Map of England series 1823 Sheet 19 covering northern Hampshire and parts of Berkshire & Surrey. G & J Carey 1823 map
This is a Linen-backed folding hand coloured map, 26 x 21 inches when unfolded, with a scale of half-inch to 1 mile and degrees Latitude west of Greenwich marked. The map is labelled as “London; Published by G & J. Cary, 86 St. James’s Street June 3rd 1823”.
The main coaching routes along the A4, A30, A31 & A3 are highlighted in Blue with miles from London marked at major coaching towns: Farnham, Alton, Alresford & Winchester on the A31. Milestones are counted between such towns again counting away from London. The roads around the Ropley area reflect with a degree of accuracy most of those known today but do include at least one extra link between Petersfield Road near Smugglers Lane and Lyeway Lane which is not extant today.
John Cary founded a family business which produced a large number of maps, charts and globes. His first premises were at 188 Strand (1783-1787) moving to 181 Strand in 1791 for a period of nearly thirty years before moving following a fire to 86 St. James’s Street, London (1820 – 1832) His cartographic abilities brought him a special commission in 1794 from the Postmaster-General to survey the roads of Great Britain. He is perhaps best known for the important English county atlases he produced. Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas which was first published in 1787 but which went into a number of editions in succeeding years. His maps became a reference for the golden age of coaching
7. Historic Ordinance Survey maps of Ropley
- 7.1 OS map of Ropley and surrounding area from the 1870s
- 7.2 OS map of Ropley and surrounding area 1891 – 1912
- 7.3 OS map of Ropley and surrounding area 1912 – 1939
Britain’s ordinance survey mapping agency has its roots in military strategy: mapping the Scottish Highlands following rebellion in 1745. This along with fears of invasion following the French Revolution caused the government to order its defence ministry of the time – the Board of Ordnance – to begin a survey of Scotland and England’s vulnerable southern coasts. Until then, maps had lacked the detail required for moving troops and planning campaigns. This initial work paved the way for modern surveying and the strategic importance of accurate maps was understood. By 1790’s a national survey for Britain was almost within reach. The first Ordnance Survey map was published in 1801. England’s most south-easterly county, Kent, was one area most vulnerable to French invasion. The name ordinance Survey wasn’t used till 1801 and not printed on a map until the 1810 ‘Ordnance Survey of the Isle of Wight and part of Hampshire’.
The first maps were available to the public in the late Georgian era. These stunning ‘works of art’ weren’t cheap, but the owner was privy to a spectacular aerial view of the landscape until then only seen from a hot air balloon. Four years later, a map of Essex followed. Within 20 years, about a third of England and Wales had been mapped at the one inch scale under the direction of William Mudge.
It was thought that 50 years would be long enough to map the country, but the entire first series of maps wasn’t published until 1870.
8. 1905/06 Ordinance Survey maps
Other map resources
National Library of Scotland contains maps through the years/century’s This site enables you to view a current and historic map of the same area simultaneously
ARCHI maps UK is a database of more than 200,000 British Archaeological Sites covering the whole of England, Scotland and Wales. It is regularly updated with 10,000 new additions made to the database every year. In 2021 Archi added to their website the earliest versions of Ordnance Survey 1 inch to 1 mile maps to the ARCHI system. The maps date between 1806-1840 and really give you an insight into the period just before the Industrial Revolution made such fundamental changes to the once agrarian society of this country. Free for anyone to use
The Church of England Record Centre at Lambeth Palace
Lambeth Palace Library is the historic library of the Archbishops of Canterbury and preserves the national archives of the Church of England.